In vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy imaging of skin inflammation: Clinical applications and research directions.

Ilie MA, Caruntu C, Lixandru D, Tampa M, Georgescu SR, Constantin MM, Constantin C, Neagu M, Zurac SA, Boda D.

Exp Ther Med. 2019 Feb;17(2):1004-1011. doi: 10.3892/etm.2018.6981.


In vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) is a novel imaging technique that provides noninvasive, morphological characterization of skin structures with a resolution that is very close to that of light microscopy. Moreover, as it allows repeated imaging of the same skin area at different time-points, it is an excellent method for monitoring disease course, response to treatment or specific stimuli and a path to study dynamic phenomena in real-time. To date, two different variants of in vivo CLSM have been authorized in dermatological field, namely the reflectance confocal microscopy predominantly for clinical diagnosis and the fluorescence confocal microscopy mainly for research purposes. This study describes the principles of in vivo CLSM technique, its role in the diagnosis and monitoring of inflammatory skin diseases, as well as some promising research directions to study the dynamics of skin inflammation using this method. In vivo CLSM evaluation of inflammatory dermatoses and of the skin inflammatory component in various diseases has an undoubted potential with broad applications ranging from clinical, morphological to experimental, functional studies involving the skin.

KEYWORDS:in real-time; in vivo; reflectance confocal microscopy; skin inflammation

PMID: 30679966 PMCID: PMC6327452 DOI: 10.3892/etm.2018.6981Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on Google+